Babies are recommended to have their first eye exam at 6 months of age. Optometrists look for excessive or unequal amounts of refractive error (nearsightedness/farsightedness/astigmatism), eye movement ability and eye health problems. Rarely, babies have eye turns, eye tumors or other eye diseases. Vision development and eye health problems are easier to correct if treatment begins early.

Eye exams are especially important once children reach school age because 80% of learning depends on vision. Children may not realize they have a vision problem because they assume everyone else sees the same way they do. Reading involves clear vision, eye focusing ability, eye teaming ability and eye tracking ability. An eye exam will determine whether the child has adequate vision and visual skills for learning.